The draft law on immigration and integration significantly Toughens the conditions of entry and stay of non-EU foreigners in France (140.100 new people in 2004). However, under many angles, the Minister of the Interior, which has clearly muscular speech these days while the challenge increases, was forced to revise its ambitions downward. Its text will be debated from May 2 to the National Assembly, on the resumption of parliamentary proceedings. Journal of retail and comparison of tracks proposed by Nicolas Sarkozy since his return to the Ministry of the Interior there is a year and the measures listed in the Statute.
In early 2005, the President of the UMP was convinced that the "issue of quota" should be "debates without taboos". After having imagined by nationality quotas, Nicolas Sarkozy said "believe in the need for quotas by trades or types of training".
With the Bill, it is far away: the end of quotas has disappeared. And, on the merits, the Government will need targets "quantitative multi-year (...)". "distinguishing in particular admission to stay for the purposes of employment, for the purposes of studies, and for family reasons", but these targets will not mandatory value.
Especially, this measure, despite what would have wished the Ministry of the Interior, took place in the statement of reasons, and not in the body of articles, which would have given it more weight. The risk of unconstitutionality prompted Nicolas Sarkozy to the caution.
It is created to give meaning to the concept of "chosen" immigration In an interview given to the "Sunday Journal" last February, the Minister of the Interior stated that it would be proposed "of migrants highly qualified, science, computer, artists or persons with a rare skill, to contribute to the economic vitality of our country." The rapporteur of the Bill, Thierry Mariani, less enthusiastic, recently indicated that this card "would be issued to a very small number of people", implying that its role would be limited in the immigration policy.
The selection of workers
By way of circular, the Government could already allow certain categories of employees to come and work (such as it professionals for the year 2000). The Bill provides that an alien may obtain a stay of one year card if he landed a job in a profession or a geographical area characterized by difficulties with recruitment. Nicolas Sarkozy wanted to bind the residence card to the contract of employment: thus, in case of dismissal, the person could be deprived a residence permit. But, before the uproar caused by this measure, the Minister indicated that an amendment would correct this provision.
To limit what it considers to be "sustained" immigration, the Minister of the Interior hardens the conditions of family reunification (already more strictly supervised by the Act of November 2003) and extended one year to 18 months the time after which a foreigner (in a regular situation) can bring his family. But he would have liked to go further in determining the size of the housing and income required by the size of the family. The commission of laws adopted yesterday, amendments going in this direction and this despite the opposition of the associative movement.