The French have more fear running out of food for several decades. In recent years, their concerns were more the quality of their plates than the amount of what they were. They are suddenly rediscovering that the prices of food products can increase. They ask who is responsible for, and if it will last. New questions arise: will there be future supply or quality problems in our plates Is our agriculture quite efficient, well organised, at the height, properly supported From this summer, when all systems of aid national and international (World Food Programme, Food Bank) will have spent six months their budget for the year, let us hunger and famine spread high speed on the planet
In the matter, we are faced with a real turning point. The 21st century has only just begun and everything changed for one year. We thought that we produce too much and European policies were trying to reduce our surpluses (quotas, Fallows, grubbing-up premiums, etc.) while the controversy raged on the merits ethical and economic exports. Today, we are entering a world of scarcity! The planet lack of cereals (and for a long time) but also milk, oilseed... The increase in our production capacity is required.
We thought be sentenced to regular, and very low world prices therefore predictable, raw agricultural, largely below the production costs of farmers. We we were accustomed to pay in two times the actual cost of our food: caisses and supermarkets to the collector. An important part of our agriculture worked with grants which nobody understood mechanisms and purposes.
Here we are in a new period of high and very volatile prices. The policy of systematic support becomes unnecessary. He will be replaced by a policy of insurance against weather and health, more and more frequent disasters, and against that unpredictable as sharp declines in world prices.
We thought only of the property of the so-called "first generation" agrofuels (to base of grains and oilseeds); they would support the failed course, fight against the greenhouse effect, create jobs, support national independence. Cruel disappointment: they cause serious shortages and have an ecological cost, to the point that we begin to wonder if, in the end, they worsen not the greenhouse effect.
Today, the current state of technology, eat or drive, it must choose. Therefore choose to eat to begin! And are we without losing time in the "second generation", applied research of enhancement of biomass and a maximum of plant and animal wastes. You should find the plants that produce energy without too eat, with little water, and in our fields, too few on the planet!
Since we know that the resources of the planet and our country are limited, and that needs continue to grow, a new agricultural revolution is necessary. We have the most simple: produce many, but with a lot of land, water, energy, chemistry. We must now learn to always produce more, but with much less, and better.
If you want even bread in our bakeries in thirty years, a little bit of justice on this planet where each must be able to feed, but also to fill the tank of our cars and in sus, a planet that works, should restore agriculture and food in the heart of priorities French and European. A massive research effort must be undertaken, following our model to us Europeans: democratic debate and incentive funds.
Do work together the agronomists and ecologists in the direction of the Agroecology and agriculture "to high environmental intensity." Use of effective and efficient production methods fit into biological processes instead of abusing them: techniques without labour, associations of species and varieties on a same field, better water management, enrichment of the lands, respect for officers of the culture such as Earth and bees, etc.
But also, and at the same time seek new technologies offered by Genetics, but not (or not only) in the direction of insecticides or herbicides, seeds that are only a modest start finally unpromising and quite problematic today imposed an economic, legal and social model which is not us. Find new solutions to the major problems of our century: growing plants that grow with less water on saline lands, in extreme weather conditions, which produce more proteins, vitamins, clean soil and air, etc.
Seek economies everywhere, both production and consumption: eat less meat, wastes less, really fighting obesity.
More share the scarce resources of this planet. And because we can hardly increase the low wages and income, or even lose jobs, support their food buying power by guaranteeing their access to cheap to a selection of basic food items, including some biological and/or deemed good for health as fruits and vegetables. Without forgetting the necessary investments to cope with warming of the planet and our country. We know that there is probably more cereals for summer without irrigation in the century in half North and West of the France. Major hydraulic works become necessary. After the Grenelle of the environment have the audacity of a "Marshall plan" for agriculture!